Das Ungleichgewicht der Zerstörung

Am Mittwoch dem 12. Januar war es so weit – der zivile Arm der Israelischen Armee IDF rückte aus in Richtung der so genannten Südlichen Hebron Hügel und zerstörte sieben Wohnungen, eine Schule sowie auch ein Tiergatter im Dorf Al-Daqeqa. Das Dorf wird von Beduinen bewohnt – welche auf der sozialen Leiter ganz unten stehen und sowohl von den israelischen Behörden wie auch von der palästinensischen Autonomiebehörde regelmäßig schikaniert werden. Durch die Hauszerstörungen wurden 46 Menschen obdachlos und zehn Schüler_Innen haben ihren Schulraum verloren. Diese Angaben wurden am gleichen Tag von humanistischen Organisationen vor Ort bestätigt.

Grund für die Zerstörung der Dorfstrukturen war deren angebliche illegale Errichtung. Das Dorf liegt in der C-Area in der Westbank, also in jenem Gebiet, welches komplett unter israelischer Kontrolle steht. Schon vor einigen Wochen wurden durch die IDF elf Wasserzisternen in der gleichen Region zerstört, um dadurch die Beduinen von ihrem Land zu vertreiben. Auch ist es den Bewohner_Innen der Dörfer verboten permanente Strukturen zu erreichten – so dürfen unter anderem Toiletten kein Dach haben, ansonsten werden diese sofort zerstört.

Die Bewohner_Innen von Al-Daqeqa stehen nun vor einem Scherbenhaufen – nachdem Monate von Arbeit und Gelder investiert wurden, um die Lebensqualität der vorher in Zelten lebenden Beduinen zu verbessern. Die Rabbiner für Menschenrechte beklagen „dass nun die Arbeit um Jahre zurückgeworfen wurde und die nun Obdachlosen ungeschützt den kommenden kalten Wintertagen ausgesetzt sind.“ Einige der Dorfbewohner_Innen haben sich gegen die Zerstörung der Wohnungen gewehrt und wurden unter Arrest gestellt.

Die Argumentation der Armee, dass die Gebäude ohne Genehmigung und daher illegal errichtet wurden, steht dabei auf tönernen Füßen. So gibt es in der gleichen Region dutzende Outposts der israelischen Siedlerbewegung, welche illegal errichtet wurden – unter anderem Mitzpeh Yair oder Yuval. Insbesondere Yuval zeigt dabei die „double standards“ der israelischen Armee auf – so wurden vor kurzem durch die jüdischen Siedler_Innen zwei Gebäude illegal errichtet. Dies wurde durch Gerichte bestätigt und eine Räumung der Gebäude angeordnet.

Daraufhin wendeten sich Personen aus dem Sicherheitsapparat direkt an den Premierminister, um eine Räumung zu verhindern, da die jüdischen Siedlerinnen Witwen seien, welche ihre Männer im Krieg gegen den Libanon verloren hatten. Die Räumung wurde daraufhin nicht durchgeführt.

Nun versuchen die Bewohner_Innen von Al-Daqeqa eine Klage vor dem Supreme Court in Israel durchzubringen um gegen die Verletzung von Menschenrechten zu protestieren. Da aber die Situation in der Region von Al-Daqeqa kaum in den Medien Beachtung findet – im Gegensatz zu Auseinandersetzungen in Ost-Jerusalem oder den Entwicklungen im Gaza-Streifen – sind die Hoffnungen auf Erfolg gering.

Und die IDF betreibt weiter eine schleichende Vertreibung von Palästinenser_Innen in der C-Area und fördert indirekt die Besiedlung durch jüdische Siedler_Innen. Ein Frieden rückt damit in weite Ferne.

The children - now without a class room

The children – now without a classroom.

Destroyed buildings. In the background a tent gets constructed.

Destroyed buildings. In the background a Red Cross emergency tent being erected.

Destroyed infrastructure

Destroyed infrastructure.

The remains of the school room

The remains of the school room.

The toilettes - to be


The toilets are not allowed to have roofs otherwise they would be considered ‚permanent‘ structures and be demolished.

Flying Rocks

Rock throwing in Palestine and Israel is primarily associated with the Intifadas and currently with various incidents involving Palestinian children in East Jerusalem. In these cases the stones throwers or perhaps innocent children are usually arrested or at least deterred from further activity by teargas. In fact, many Palestinian children as young as 6 have been detained and questioned (for example, a 10 year old accused; or the complete report by B’Tselem on the behavior of the police towards children in Silwan, Jerusalem), without informing their parents, or even arrested and held incommunicado for several days. When the hatred of Palestinians, however, which has been instilled in Israeli settler children takes hold, and settler children engage in such attacks, the army and the law look the other way. The stone throwing incident just prior to the forcible eviction of Israeli squatters from the Rajabi House in Hebron, when squatter children threw rocks at Palestinian families and children under the watchful eyes of their religious fathers is a case in point.

The following incident, which might very well have resulted in severe injuries, reveals once again the collusion of the military authorities with the radical settlers: there have been no arrests or further action by the military or police. The report was written by the attacked EA herself.

Flying rocks!

On Saturday, November 20th 2010 I an EA currently stationed in Hebron walked down New Shalala Street returning to the apartment after monitoring the weekly Settler Tour through the Old City. Since my team members stayed behind playing football with Palestinian children I was only accompanied by another group of young Palestinian kids. By the time I left, about 4:40 pm, it was already dark and the streets were deserted.


Where the Incident Took Place


The Alleyway

While talking and joking with the kids I did not pay too much attention about my surroundings. Only when one boy shouted at me, he was way ahead of me on the other side of the street, I noticed that some strange things were about to happen. Stopping under a streetlight at an alleyway, connecting Old and New Shalala Street, I looked around, but did not see anything that worried me. Then suddenly stones were flying around me, one large piece nearly hit my head. It was then that I noticed a group of people standing atop a building, which is part of the Bait Haddassah settlement. Because of the darkness I was almost impossible to distinguish if these people were children or grown-ups. But because of the size, I assumed, they were children of different ages.
I went into hiding behind a building, standing next to a Palestinian woman, who seemed as petrified as myself. She was sobbing.
When the boy, who in the first place yelled at me, started calling me, saying something like ‘ok! ok!’ I took the woman by the hand, not before I checked myself that it was safe to get out of hiding, and ran across the alleyway. I was only then, that I realized the size of the stones. Some of the shattered pieces lay still in the street, but I dared to pick one up for the spots where the concrete hit the street, attack of Saturday Nov 20th, 2010.


These are the Rocks Thrown

On Sunday, November 21st 2010, I did the late morning Cordaba School walk. My position was at the stairs and since there were no settlers around, I approached the soldiers on guard. After telling them about the incident of the previous evening, they seemed not to believe me. One soldier offered me to take me inside the settlement in order to show him from which from which rooftop I was attacked. But because I only saw it from the direction of New Shalala Street I made the suggestion of walking there, taking a picture of the building and then returning to him. He agreed.
I walked back to the Checkpoint 56, talked to my team member M., asking her to take a picture in case I would walk up to the rooftop with the soldier again. She agreed. Before I returned to Shuhada Street I took pictures of the shattered stones, in fact they were pieces of concrete with a certain pattern on them, and the places where they had hit the street. I also picked one piece up and put in my pocket.
After returning to Shuhada Street, I asked the soldier to take me up to the roof of one the buildings we had been on before. He agreed. On our way, he mentioned, that it was impossible that the attack was performed from within the settlement because the military post on the rooftop is supposed to be occupied day and night.
After getting back to the roof I made clear that this was the place where I had seen the children standing and throwing the piece of concrete at me. He still denied the possibility that children get up there without being stopped by the guard. On my way to the edge of the rooftop I picked up a piece of concrete, which was lying about that place. I handed it over to him and pulled out the piece, which I had just picked up on New Shalala Street, evincing the same pattern on both pieces.


Presenting the Evidence

He turned quiet for a moment, asked me for my telephone number and promised to get back to me in case he would find out, who of his comrades had on duty that night and who the children were, who got up on the roof.
It was important to me to show a piece of evidence to proof my credibility.

RETURN TO PALESTINE

As I will be stationed in Jerusalem for EAPPI until December 22, 2010 I have set up a new blog under:

Jerusalem BLOG

Da ich bis zum 22. Dezember 2010 in Jerusalem für EAPPI im Einsatz sein werde habe ich einen neuen Blog angelegt:

Jerusalem BLOG

Bedrängung ohne Ende (2): Die Situation verschlechtert sich

Am Mittwoch, dem 12. November verteilten Soldaten der IDF („Israel
Defence Force“) in der alten Tradition von „Zivil-Administration“ elf Bau-Stopp-Befehle in den zwei Teilen des Beduinen-Dorfs Um al-Khayr. Diese Anordnungen sind die bürokratischen-legalistischen Vorboten von Abrissbefehlen („demolition orders“). Die Beduinen dieser Häuser-Gruppen haben ohnehin kaum Bauarbeiten übrig, da die überwiegende Mehrzahl ihrer Hausbauten in etlichen Runden Hausdemolitionen bereits von der „Zivil-Administration“ geschleift wurden. (Siehe hierzu den kurzen Videoclip eines Abrisses von 2007, weshalb der Friedensaktivist Ezra Nawi, der versuchte die Demolition zu verhindern – dort zu sehen, vor kurzem zu 3 Monaten Gefängnisstrafe verurteilt wurde.) Diese jetzigen Befehle zum Abriss betreffen vorwiegend Zelte (gespendet von dem Internationalen Roten Kreuz nach der letzten Abrissrunde), Blechbaracken, einem Plumpsklo, eine Lochtoilette zusätzlich zu drei Häuser, die am weitesten entfernt von der israelischen Siedlung Carmel liegen.

kheirTent

Ein Zelt erwartet seinen Abriss

kheirChild

Das Kindes Haus wird auch verschwinden

kheirToilette

Auch die Toilette

kheirId

Eids neu gebautes Haus wird keine Ausnahme

Diese rücksichtslose Vorgehensweise deckt das wahre Ziel der zivil-administrativen Handlungen, nämlich das Leben der hier ansässigen Beduinen (die tatsächlich bereits schon 30 Jahre vor der Gründung der israelischen Siedlung in den 1980ern hier gelebt hatten) so unerträglich zu machen, dass sie ihre Behausungen „freiwillig“ verlassen würden.

Laut einem UN OCHA Bericht (United Nation Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs – occupied Palestinian territory) von November 2009 zählt Um al-Khayr noch zu den höchst gefährdeten Gemeinden in der West Bank (in den besetzten palästinensischen Gebieten).

Living in Al Buiri (2): The Outpost Expands

On Friday, November 27, 2009, settlers from Givat Harsina continued their aggressive outpost development. Accompanied by IDF soldiers

InFrontContainer

A New Container in Place with IDF Assistance

and obscure documents

 IDF

The IDF Documents an Illegal Outpost

Expansion

The Illegal Expansion is Mapped Out

they illegally transported a housing container to the top of Al Buiri (Hill 18). They thus continue, in spite of the supposed “settlement stop”, expanding the already illegal Harsina settlement by establishing a permanent outpost on the hill.

 Cont2

Settling in for Further Attacks on the Palestinians

The settlers will thus be in a more advantageous position to continue their harassment of the remaining Palestinian farmers who live under the north side of the hill and in the shadow of the Harsina settlement.

stonethrowing

A Stone Throwing Incident as Photographed by a Member of the Affected Zatari Family During Ramadan 2009

In the long run they may be attempting to steal the fertile farmland in the Wadi north of the hill. According to a recent UN OCHA report (United Nation Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs – occupied Palestinian territory – of November 2009) the families still holding out at Al Buiri are considered among the most highly vulnerable in the West Bank.

The following series of (Google Earth) photos illustrate how the further outpost development could in the future result in an expansion of the Giv‘at Harsina settlement and increase the pressure on and threats to the local Palestinian families.

Al_Buiri_01

The Current Situation

Al_Buiri_02

The Settlement Boundary and Security Fence are Relocated Southwards to Encompass the Outpost

Al_Buiri_03

The Settlement Encroaches and Increasingly Endangers the Remaining Palestinian Families

A short history of the illegal Harsina settlement, founded in 1985 on Palestinian lands belonging to the members of the Jaber and Al Bakri clans in Hebron City, can be found here.